There has always been a lot of debate in the world of beauty and cosmetics about the ingredients used in products, which ones are harmful and which ones are helpful. Without the right information, knowing what to avoid and what to stick to can be overwhelming.
One of such controversial compounds is sulphates. Sulphates have been met with a lot of opposition over the last couple of years and most people don’t really know for a fact if it’s good or bad for them.
We’ve put together this article to discuss what sulphates really are, why they are included in fashion products and their potential risks. Do you have to be extra vigilant and make sure there are no sulphates in your products?
Sulphates are mineral salts that can be found all around us, they can be found in water, in the air and in the soil. They can also be synthetically produced. Sulphates found in cosmetic consumer products are the subject of this article.
Sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) and sodium lauryl ethyl sulphate (Sodium Laureth Sulfate; SLES) are the major sulphate compounds found in consumer fashion products.
SLS and SLES are commonly used in bath and personal care products like the ones listed below:
When you use a shampoo or soap and it lathers and foams, that’s probably sulphates doing their magic. Sulphates make shampoos, soaps, and toothpaste lather and foam.
Sulphates also attract oil and water because they are surfactants. The combination of these two features make them effective detergents and also effective at washing grime and dirt off the skin and hair.
But this is where the concern comes in, they can be too effective and end up stripping the skin and hair of oil, making it dry and patchy.
The downsides of sulphates is closely linked to its effectiveness. Sulphates can strip the skin and hair of essential and natural oils and make the skin dry and hair brittle.
The main concern with sulphates is that it has the tendency to cause irritation (redness, itching, dryness) in people with sensitive scalps.
There are also claims that sulphates can cause cancer, but there is no scientific evidence to back these claims. So the main issue with sulphates is that they tend to be drying agents and can strip the skin and hair of natural oils while doing the job of cleaning off dirt and grime.
This means the question you should really be asking is, how sensitive is my skin? Are products with sulphates going to negatively affect my skin?
Most people can use shampoos and soaps with sulphates with no serious consequences, but there are people who should be more careful and watch how they use products with sulphates or ditch them altogether.
Because shampoos containing sulphate can strip natural oils off your hair and scalp, that’s pretty much how they work, it’s important to be more careful if you have sensitive skin. Using products containing sulphates repeatedly can make your skin dry and rough.
Sulphates can also cause irritation to the skin and allergic reactions. A good practice to follow is to watch closely how your skin reacts to a product and stop using any product that irritates your skin.
Again, the drying tendencies of sulphates come into play here. If you have naturally dry hair, you should completely avoid sulphate-containing shampoos and hair products.
Sulphates can further dry your hair, increase the friction between your hair and make it super frizzy.
The decision to avoid sulphates or not is based on your skin and hair makeup. There are no confirmed serious adverse effects from using sulphate products.
Knowing yourself and paying attention to how your skin and hair react to products is of more importance here. Sulphates or no sulphates, a good principle is; stay away from anything that irritates your skin and stick to what works well for you.
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